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Phonics Vision Statement

Our intent, in phonics, at Kentisbeare School is to ensure all children have a solid understanding of letters and sounds which will allow them to develop their love of reading and writing. Through hearing their teachers read books outload and shared reading with older children in the school, children are inspired to want to learn to read and have a positive and enthusiastic attitude towards their phonics learning. 

At Kentisbeare Primary School all children in Pre-School, Reception and Year 1 have discrete daily phonics teaching. Through the Letters and Sounds phonics programme, children will learn the phonics sounds that will enable them to develop their reading skills. Children are taught the phonemes (sounds) systematically through the stages of phonics and how to blend and segment words in order to read and write them. Alongside this, they are also taught the tricky words and high frequency words. We recognise the importance of teaching the children decoding skills which they are then able to use independently when reading and writing. The Letters and Sounds programme sets out the phases of phonics from phase 1 to phase 6 and each phase builds upon the skills that have been previously taught.

Below you will find what we aim to provide within each year group, a list of phonic terminology and its meanings and a list of the sounds, tricky words and high frequency words that we teach during the different phases of phonics. We also use Read, Write, Inc handwriting rhymes to teach letter formations which can be found as a pdf and Jolly Phonics actions and rhymes which you can access on youtube by clicking the key words in blue. 

Year 1 Phonics Screening Check

The phonic screening check is a government test that all children in Year 1 take during the summer term. Children are given a range of real words and ‘pseudo words’ to sound out and read. This is testing their phonic knowledge through all the phases of phonics. Children will then get a score out of 40 of how many they have got correct this will then be reported to parents. The government then publish the ‘pass mark’ a few weeks later, this has been 32 for the last few years. Children at Kentisbeare School are well equipped to take the Phonics Screening Check and they take it with an adult familiar to them, this is usually their class teacher. To see examples of the Phonic Screening Check click here


As you continue to scroll on this page you will find a table of phonic terminology and its meanings, the phonics sounds, tricky words and high frequency words by phase as well as what phonics looks like at Kentisbeare School.


Here are the phonic sounds, tricky words and high frequency words (HFW) by phase

Phase 2 table 2Phase 3 tablePhase 4 tablePhase 5 table


Phase 1 phonics is taught to our Pre-school children. The aim of this phase is to develop the children’s listening skills. This is taught to the children through a wide range of games, the singing of nursery rhymes, stories and playing musical instruments. It allows the children to explore the sounds and talk about these together. Children will also go out into our outside environment and listen to sounds that they can hear. We also recognise that there may be some children in our Pre-school who have experienced a wealth of listening activities and will be ready for the teaching of Phase 2 phonics. These children are then taught Phase 2 phonics in a systematic way, the same as the Reception class.


The children will learn the first 19 sounds through Phase 2 and move on from oral blending to blending and segmenting using written letters. Children will learn how to read and write the sounds and use these to create words. Once the children have completed Phase 2 they will move on to learning Phase 3. For this Phase the children will learn the last few letters of the alphabet that are not covered in Phase 2 and then they will progress to learning some new digraphs and trigraphs. Children will continuously play fun games linked to their phonics teaching and have activities out in their continuous provision to allow them to practise these skills. Children will then move onto Phase 4 which is no new graphemes but instead focus’ on consolidating the children’s knowledge of graphemes in reading and spelling words containing adjacent consonants and polysyllabic words.

Year 1

We understand that not all children work at the same pace and recognise this within out phonic teaching. Therefore, some children may be on different phase of phonics more suited to their needs. Primarily in Year 1, we continue with the teaching of phases 3 and 4 from Reception and ensure that children have a solid understanding of how to blend and segment words for reading and writing. Children will then move onto learning Phase 5 phonics. This phase introduces new graphemes and alternative pronunciations of graphemes that children have already learnt for them to use when reading and writing words. Children will finally move onto Phase 6 which will focus on reading with increasing fluency and spellings. Children will learn simple past tense rules and suffixes to accompany them.

Beyond Year 1

Kentisbeare school knows that not all children will complete all phases by the time they reach the end of Year 1 and progress through the school, we also understand that not all children will pass the Year 1 Phonics Screening Check and these children will have to re-take it in Year 2. We help these children by ensuring we assess them to know and understand which sounds they know well, and which sounds they need more help with. We then provide small group work with an adult to work on these sounds and further develop their phonic knowledge. Continual assessment allows us to gather information to help the children progress through the phonic phases.

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